Turpentine Hardwood Species Specification Data

Hardwood Timber Species Specification Data
Hardwood Species: Turpentine (Syncarpia glomulifera)

Turpentine, Australian Hardwood Species
Hardwood Species: Turpentine

Species Description

Native to New South Wales and Greenland, the turpentine tree is, strangely enough, not used as a source for turpentine oil – it simply shares a name thanks to the smell of turpentine released when its leaves are crushed. Reaching as high as 60 meters and routinely growing on heavier soils, turpentine is a large, straight-trunked tree with a trunk diameter that can approach 1.5 meters. Its thick bark is fibrous and dark brown with deep vertical furrows, and the tree produces cream-coloured flowers from August through December.

Thought to be able to live for up to 500 years, turpentine trees are popular with pollinators like native and European honeybees, the grey flying fox, the little red flying fox, and bird species such as the noisy miner and rainbow lorikeet. Turpentine commonly grows alongside other popular timber trees such as the grey ironbark, the tallowwood, the brush box, the spotted gum, and others.

Turpentine timber is highly resistant to termites and marine invertebrates, incredibly durable thanks to its Janka hardness rating of 12, and is highly resistant to fire. Hardy and adaptable, turpentine trees make for excellent shade in park settings, and the colour of its timber – which vacillates from deep chocolate brown tones to pale to dark reddish browns. Its coarse yet even texture and straight grain makes it ideal for solid timber flooring and parquetry, and its extreme durability makes it a natural for decking as well.

Physical Properties
Dry Density: range 930 kg/m³
Janka Hardness: 12.0 kN

These properties are only a guide, as timber is a natural product there will be variations within any species. The Janka Dry Hardness rating measures the hardness of the wood. The higher the number the harder the wood.


Australian Hardwood Timber Species | Victorian Ash

Use this species in your next project

If you would like to use this species in your next project and need assistance with either choosing the correct flooring panels or the installation of your next flooring project then please get in touch with one of our flooring specialists using the form below.

We also offer a more personalised service for those looking for renovation advisory where our team come to your location and help you choose the best species and style to fit the room.

We would love to hear from you!

Job / Information Inqury
Scroll to Top